The period for the Victorian Jewelry Era spans approximately 60 years (1837-1901). It also has three different periods - Early, Mid and Late Victorian. Named Victorian, after Queen Victoria of England during her 60 years as the ruler of England. She loved her jewelry and loved designing her own.
During the EARLY VICTORIAN era when Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were married, sentimental jewelry such as lockets and jewelry made of human hair were very popular. Engagement rings given during this era, were not diamonds,but were gemstones that represented a bride's month of birth. Snake jewelry, such as rings and bracelets represented fidelity and love. Their love for Scotland, popularized Scottish jewelry in England.
After Prince Albert's death, Queen Victoria went into a very deep mourning period that lasted 40 years, during the MID VICTORIAN era, mourning jewelry became popular made from jet, dark oak and other dark materials. Many forms of jewelry were made from these materials--cameos, brooches, bracelets, necklaces.
During the LATE VICTORIAN Period multi colored gemstones made a big comeback as well as gold jewelry. Bangle bracelets that were engraved became quite popular to wear. Whimsical jewelry became popular, as well as nature jewels such as butterflies, flowers. As well, crescent moons and stars set with seed pearls and worn as brooches became very popular. Diamonds were set in many pieces of jewelry for that added sparkle.